Adult Size: 3-7″
Minimum Tank Volume: 90 litres
Temperature: 65-75°F (18-24°C)
Ideal pH: 7.2-8
Lifespan: Up To 20 Years!
There are many different types of fancy Goldfish. Black moors, Orandas, Fantails to name just a few. They may all be kept together and care is identical.
Fancy goldfish prefer a slightly alkaline pH (between 7.2 and 8) and room temperature water suits them perfectly so a heater is not necessary. Ammonia and Nitrite levels should be zero parts per million and Nitrates must be kept to less than 20 ppm. All fancy Goldfish need clean, well oxygenated water. A filter should provide gentle flow as these fish are not strong swimmers. A separate air pump may be used to help oxygenate the aquarium.
What should I feed my fancy goldfish?
All fancy goldfish are happiest when fed on a varied diet that includes some livefoods. Goldfish are messy eaters and will over feed. Part of the appeal of these fish is their friendly character and it is common to see them “begging” for food. This is a learned behaviour and does not mean that they need feeding. It is best to feed them only as much as they can consume in a minute or two. Remove any uneaten food with a net to prevent it from fouling the water.
Aside from livefoods, some live plants such as oxygenating weed are enjoyed by goldfish. We feed our Fancy goldfish on a variety of slow sinking pellets and flakes too. when feeding flake foods we advise holding it under water for a second before letting it sink to the bottom of the aquarium. This allows the flakes to absorb water quickly. When feeding from the surface some goldfish are prone to gulp air and this, combined with dry flakes can lead to swimbladder upset.
How do I look after the tank?
Goldfish, like most fish, thrive in consistent conditions and for this reason it is never a good idea to change all of the aquarium water at once. Change 10 – 25% of the water every week using a siphon to remove debris from the gravel. This is also a good time to perform maintenance on your filter. Always clean filter sponges in water that you have removed from the aquarium and not tap water. This is because the sponges provide a home to countless good bacteria that help to maintain your tank and the chlorine in tap water would kill them.
Before adding clean water to the aquarium always add the correct amount of dechlorinator and a bacteria starter.
What decoration should I use?
All artificial décor should be made specifically for use in aquariums. This ensures that any paints or resins are completely non-toxic to the fish. Some fancy goldfish such as black moors have prominent eyes so check that the ornaments have no sharp edges.
Live aquarium plants have many benefits. They help to reduce waste in the aquarium and slow down algae growth. Goldfish are able to display more natural behaviour in aquariums with some real foliage.
Other things to remember.
Goldfish make wonderful pets and they are more intelligent than many realise and they will learn to recognise their owners. The old “3 second memory” is a total myth. Many fancy goldfish stay around 3″ or less but they can grow much larger. Goldfish need space. They can not thrive in a bowl so always give them a spacious aquarium with efficient yet gentle water flow.